The issue of the need for migrants speaking English has been in the news recently.
The Prime Minister announced funding for English language classes for Muslim women in England, 22% of whom he said speak little or no English. He said this is to help “combat social isolation” and guard against “radicalisation and extremism”.
The Nursing and Midwifery Council announced English language checks for all nurses and midwives applying to join their register from the EU as others already do from outside the UK. This brings their profession in line with doctors from outside the UK who already all have to demonstrate English language skills to practice in the UK.
This is nothing new however for those coming to the UK to settle and to work from outside the EU. There are already legal requirements for them to pass English language qualifications prior to being admitted to the UK, mainly introduced by the Labour government a decade ago.
The level of English proficiency depends on the reason why entry or an extension of stay is being sought.
To come to settle in the UK initially as the spouse of a British national or resident a basic conversational level of English is required. An English test on speaking and listening must be passed before a visa will be granted.
To come to work in the UK, a higher level of English is required. For some jobs, such as those coming to work as doctors and nurses, a higher level of spoken English as well as a proficiency in reading and writing is required.
To settle in the UK permanently or to become British all applicants must pass a test to demonstrate a higher level of English language again in speaking and listening plus pass a separate test to show a level of knowledge of life in the UK.
EU nationals and their family members are however exempt from the requirements except if coming to work in specific professions such as doctors and now nurses and midwives.
The general consensus of groups representing communities in the UK is that learning English is a good thing. However it is pointed out that this is an issue not just for Britain’s Muslim population but for all migrants. Muslim groups such as the Muslim Council of Britain also criticise the Prime Minister’s linking of learning English with security concerns and also for singling out Muslim women to highlight this.
The requirement to learn English is no new thing. It is just being broadened.